Course Requirements

Students must take a minimum of seven 300-level courses. Five of the seven 300-level courses must be in the Elements and Issues and Religious Studies electives section of the curriculum.

Traditions and Cultures

Elements and Issues

Choose one of the following from Religious Texts: 

Choose one of the following from Religious Ethics:

Choose one of the following from Religion and Culture:

Choose one of the following from Religious Thought:

Major Field Electives

  • Four Religious Studies Electives

​Open Electives

Open elective credit also is required to meet the minimum graduation requirement of 192 hours.

REL 109

THE JEWISH EXPERIENCE

An introductory course offering a basic understanding of Judaism as the historic and evolving religious expression of the Jewish people, surveying the basic aspects of traditional Jewish life and thought as well as the people's many-sided experience of the modern world.

REL 110

THE CHRISTIAN EXPERIENCE

An introductory course surveying the range of traditions that have emerged within the Christian movement, and offering an historical perspective on the life and thought of Christian communities, and their prospects for the future.

REL 111

THE AMERICAN RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE

Major religious movements in America with emphasis upon the development of religious pluralism. Impact of religious beliefs and values upon American culture.

CTH 182

THE LATINO RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE IN THE UNITED STATES [CROSS-LISTED WITH REL 113]

An examination of the diverse nature of Latino religion, from its indigenous roots to its institutional forms, within the social and political context of American culture. Cross-listed with REL 113.

REL 115

THE AFRICAN AMERICAN RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE

An examination of the religious experience of African Americans and its African precursors through historical and literary resources, reflecting this people's distinctive past and its interactions with other elements of American culture. Formerly REL 215.

ABD 144

AFRICAN RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 144)

A survey of the varieties of African religious practice and thought. Cross-listed as REL 144.

REL 161

INDIGENOUS RELIGIONS OF NORTH AMERICA

An introductory exploration of the close ties particular religious traditions of Native North America have with their own distinctive historical realities, geographic-celestial topographies, and political and social structures. Considers variety of oral, written, ritual, visual and archaeological texts.

REL 142

HINDU EXPERIENCE

A survey of the varieties of Hindu practice and thought. Hinduism in India and throughout the world will be examined.

REL 143

BUDDHIST EXPERIENCE

A survey of the varieties of Buddhist practice and thought. Different forms of Buddhism throughout the world will be examined.

REL 241

RELIGION IN CHINESE HISTORY, SOCIETY AND CULTURE

An exploration of the Chinese religious landscape, focusing on social and practical dimensions of Chinese religion, such as state rituals and private cults, liturgies and individual practices of Taoist priests and adepts, politico-religious ideas that inspired popular messianic movements throughout Chinese history, and interrelations of Buddhist and Taoist clergies and institutions in the state.

REL 242

HINDU THOUGHT AND CULTURE

Hinduism is one of the world's oldest religions, but it is also the world's most diverse religion. Despite its variety, certain themes have remained throughout the ages--karma and ethical responsibility, liberation from the bonds of worldly existence through yoga and devotion, communication with the divine through ritual, and the many forms, male and female, that God can take. This course traces the development of Hinduism from 5000 years ago to the present, with emphasis on change and continuity in those themes.

REL 243

BUDDHIST THOUGHT IN CULTURAL CONTEXT

A study of Buddhism from its beginnings as a "non-orthodox" renunciant and monastic movement in ancient India, through its development into a myriad of religious expressions and practices, philosophical tendencies, and social forms over its twenty-five hundred year history.

REL 245

RELIGION IN JAPANESE HISTORY, SOCIETY, AND CULTURE

Explores the specific interplay between religion and culture in Japan. Taking historical and cultural factors into account, it considers prehistoric Japanese religion, ancient imperial myths, the assimilation of Buddhism, Confucianism, and continental (Chinese/Korean) culture, the religious and aesthetic worlds of the court nobility and the warrior class, popular mountain cults, the revival and systematization of Shinto, the impact of western culture, Japanese ultranationalism, and the religious situation in the post-war period.

REL 246

TRADITIONS OF CHINESE POPULAR CULTURE

Promotes an understanding of Chinese worldview and life in the perspective of the common Chinese people from ancient to modern times. Based on historical and modern texts in translation, some historical and ethnographic studies, as well as visual and aural materials, the course explores gender and generational relations and conflicts, ancestor veneration, the worlds of ghosts and gods, festivals, art, and entertainment, but also aspects of misery and social unrest. Although the course will draw largely on popular and entertaining sources, it will also pay attention to historical developments, the relationship between popular and elite traditions, as well as sociological and anthropological issues arising from these contexts.

REL 116

THE ISLAMIC EXPERIENCE

An introduction to major recurrent religious themes and alternative models of religious interpretation and authority in Islam's manifold expressions, from the life of Muhammad and the Qur'an, to popular ritual and spirituality and the Islamic humanities.

IWS 217

ISLAM IN GLOBAL CONTEXTS (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 217)

A study of Islam's developments in various global contexts, including Arabian beginnings, the Middle East, Central, Eastern and Western Europe, China, the former Soviet States and South Africa, with a focus on the impacts that these cultures and Islam have had on each other. Cross-listed as REL 217.

IWS 263

RELIGION AND POLITICS IN THE MIDDLE EAST (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 263)

An exploration of Judaism, Christianity and Islam as they develop and interact in the Middle East, historically and in terms of contemporary religious and political issues. Includes a study of personal narratives of people from Jewish, Christian and Muslim communities. Cross-listed as REL 263.

IWS 265

REFORM MOVEMENTS WITHIN ISLAM (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 265)

This course will deal with the idea of "reform" within Islamic political movements in the modern period. The course will analyze various Islamic reform movements such as the Wahahabis, the Muslim Brotherhood, the Modernists, the Traditionalists, seeking a pattern in these movements. Cross-listed as REL 265.

IWS 295

SECTARIAN MOVEMENTS WITHIN ISLAM (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 295)

This course will look at the various sects within Islam such as Shi'ism, Kharjism, etc. The course will also look at theological sects such as the Mu'taziliets. The course will be concerned with the history, the beliefs, and the present circumstances (if they still exist today) of these sects. Cross listed as REL 295.

REL 162

POPULAR AND INDIGENOUS RELIGIONS OF MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA

An exploration of old and new religious traditions of Mexico and Central America and its diaspora. Our studies will focus on myths and stories as ancient as pre-Conquest times and as recent as today's movies; and we will examine them in written, oral, visual, ritualized, theatrical, musical and even electronic forms.

REL 180

INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLICISM

An examination of the breadth of the Catholic experience from a 1st-century Jewish religious movement to a 21st-century global religion.

CTH 205

CATHOLICISM IN WORLD HISTORY I: JESUS TO 1500 (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 213)

A study of the development of the Catholic Church from the time of Jesus to the Renaissance. Religious movements, piety and art as well as theology and ecclesiastical history will be examined.

HST 262

CATHOLICISM IN WORLD HISTORY II: 1500 - PRESENT (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 214/CTH 206)

A study of the development of Catholicism since 1500 exploring the Catholic Reformation, Catholicism's encounter with the Enlightenment, the missionary movement and the Catholic Church in the United States. Cross-listed as REL 214 and CTH 206.

REL 268

MODERN JUDAISM

An examination of central features of the modern Jewish experience including the transition from traditional to modern religious life and practice, American Judaism, the Holocaust, and the establishment of the State of Israel.

REL 275

COMMUNITY AND AUTHORITY IN MEDIEVAL JUDAISM

An introduction to the history, religion and culture of the Jewish people under Christendom and Islam from the fourth through the end of the fifteenth centuries.

CTH 229

CATHOLICISM AS A SPIRITUAL PATH (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 284)

An experience-centered study of the relationship between contemplation and action, prayer and service, liturgy and social justice, personal religious experience and the wider experience of Catholics. Both historical as well as contemporary spiritualities will be explored. Cross-listed as REL 284.

REL 340

INQUIRIES IN WORLD RELIGIONS

Various topics within the comparative study of religions. Specific topics for current offering are noted in the current schedule.

A&S 491

ADMINISTRATIVE THEORY AND BEHAVIOR

This course concerns theoretical concepts and empirical research relating to administrative behavior in organizations with special reference to educational organizations. Concepts are examined within the typical decisional framework of supervisors, chief school business officers, principles, and superintendents, and similar positions in the helping professions. Assignments are individualized.
Prerequisites:
Status as an Advanced Masters Education student is a prerequisite for this class.

REL 341

TAOISM: CHINA'S INDIGENOUS HIGH RELIGION

A study of Taoist thought, imagination and expression, through sacred literature, the organization of clergy, and the nature and function of its institutions in interaction with the authority of the Chinese state, with Buddhism, and with the broader scheme of popular Chinese culture and religion.

REL 342

ZEN MIND

A study of the thought and practice of Zen Buddhism, focusing on the role of Zen in shaping ideas, ethics and the arts in Japan and America.

REL 360

SACRIFICE AND TIME IN ANCIENT MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA

An exploration of the history of Mesoamerica before Columbus and the conquistadores, from the perspectives of the indigenous peoples, their conquerors, and contemporary scholars, with special emphasis upon the religious and cultural dimensions of Mesoamerican civilization.

REL 190

INTERPRETING SACRED TEXTS

A survey of the formation, use and interpretation of sacred texts by religious and secular communities.

REL 223

LITERATURE AND THE SACRED

Variable topics. How human beings across cultures express their intimations of ultimate meaning in a variety of genres ranging from aphorisms and autobiographies to mythic and fictional narratives.

CTH 212

ANCIENT ISRAEL: HISTORY, LITERATURE AND RELIGION (CROSS--LISTED AS REL 232)

The development of Judaism from Moses to the Rabbinic era with special attention to social and historical questions. Cross-listed with REL 232.

CTH 213

THE NEW TESTAMENT (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 233)

A critical investigation of the New Testament. Topics include the earliest Christian writings (letters of Paul), the production of "gospels" about Jesus, and the development of early churches in the context of ancient history and society. Cross-listed with REL 233.

CTH 215

VARIETIES OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 234)

An examination of multicultural diversity in early Christianity through a study of materials excluded from the New Testament canon; Christian apologists defending the church against pagan intellectuals and Roman imperial magistrates; comparisons of early Christian fiction and ancient Greek novels; and an examination of Gnostic writings. Cross-listed as REL 234.

CTH 216

PAUL AND HIS INFLUENCE IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 235)

A critical study of Paul's literary remains as primary sources for reconstructing the development of the Christian movement, focusing on Paul's communities, ethics and theology. Early interpretations and assessments of Paul will also be considered. Cross-listed as REL 235.

REL 236

VARIETIES OF JUDAISM IN THE GREEK AND ROMAN WORLD

An examination of Judaism from the Jews' return from Babylonian exile in 538 BCE to the promulgation of the Mishnah in 200 CE, with a focus on the Roman period. The Dead Sea Scrolls, as well as concepts of the Messiah, the resurrection of the dead, the final judgment and the idea of the "Bible" will be studied.

CTH 214

THE HISTORICAL JESUS (FORMERLY CTH 311, CROSS-LISTED AS REL 238)

An investigation of the early Christian Gospels and other sources for reconstructing the life of Jesus of Nazareth. The relation of historical reconstruction and religious interpretation, and the significance of conflicting interpretations of Jesus, will also be considered. Cross-listed as REL 238.

REL 247

LITERATURE AND RELIGION IN JAPAN

Focuses on the pervasive influence of religious thought and sentiment on Japanese literature from ancient to modern times and explores the intricate relationship between religion, aesthetics, and the arts in Japanese culture. Considers original works including ancient Japanese mythology and poetry, the memoirs of court ladies and Buddhist hermits, romance, epics, folktales and social satire, with attention to their historical, social, religious and social dimensions, as well as to the individual experience expressed in them.

REL 248

LITERATURE AND RELIGION IN CHINA

Focuses on the interpretation of literature and religion in China. Considers original works of literature and explores the religious origins of Chinese script and writing itself, poetry and mystical philosophy, cosmology and revealed scripture, popular tales, ballads, plays and novels, and the reworking of contemporary Chinese American authors of their literary and religious heritage, with attention to their historical, social, religious and social dimensions, as well as to the individual experience expressed in them.

REL 239

THE BIBLE GOES TO THE MOVIES

This course examines the interaction of the Bible and Hollywood movies by considering how stories, ideas, and themes from the Bible have been portrayed in movies. Specific biblical texts will be analyzed in their historical context and in relation to contemporary movies.

REL 269

JUDAISM IN ANTIQUITY

This course traces the history of Israelite and Jewish culture and religion from their origins in the world of the Ancient Near East in the second millennium BCE until the rise of Islam in the seventh century CE. We will critically examine the meaning and mutual relationship of such categories as "ancient Israelite" religion, "biblical" religion, and "early Judaism." We will also discuss the history of religious institutions, texts, and practices, as well as the dynamics of continuity and change in ancient Israelite and Jewish society. This course will pay special attention to the complex relationship that exists between history and collective memory as constructed through texts and rituals.

REL 270

WOMEN IN THE BIBLE

An examination of the historical role of women in the Bible and the contemporary concerns of feminist theology, women's spirituality and ethical issues arising from the contemporary application of these biblical texts to women's experiences.

IWS 271

THE QUR'AN AND ITS INTERPRETERS (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 271)

A study of the origin, transmission, and interpretation of the Qur'an. Cross listed as REL 271.

IWS 272

MUSLIM WOMEN IN TEXTS (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 272)

Explores major current approaches to the study of Muslim women, focusing on the Qur'anic conversation on women, on the commentaries provided by men, and on the emerging voices of Muslim women and non-Muslims. Cross-listed as REL 272.

REL 363

CLASSICAL TEXTS IN JUDAISM

An advanced analysis of selected Jewish texts.

REL 365

TEXTS, HISTORY, AND ISLAM

An advanced analysis of selected Islamic texts.

REL 380

TOPICS IN RELIGIOUS TEXTS

Examines methods and meanings in the study of religious texts. Specific topics for current offering are noted in the current class schedule.

CTH 183

THEMES IN CATHOLIC SOCIAL THOUGHT (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 183)

An initial, systematic examination of major themes in modern Catholic social thought. Cross-listed as REL 183.

REL 201

RELIGION AND ETHICS I

Analytic and normative approaches to ethics in Western philosophical and Christian traditions.

REL 202

ETHICAL WORLDS: MORAL ISSUES ACROSS CULTURES

An exploration of religion and ethics from a comparative and international perspective. Ethical dimensions of diverse world religious traditions will be investigated within their own particular historical and cultural contexts, and students will be asked to consider and evaluate their own ethical orientations in the light of these studies.

REL 205

RELIGION AND ETHICS II

Analytic and normative approaches to ethics in a non-Christian tradition, such as Judaism, Islam or African traditional religions.

REL 222

CONTEMPORARY MORAL ISSUES

A study of the relations between religious beliefs and moral action to be carried out through an examination of the ethical and moral response of various religious traditions to selected moral issues such as war and peace, sexual behavior, etc.

REL 226

TECHNOLOGY, ETHICS, AND SOCIETY

An examination of the impact of modern technologies on society with particular attention paid to ethical issues.

REL 227

RELIGIOUS ETHICS AND PROFESSIONAL LIFE

A study of the ethical dimensions of contemporary professional life from the standpoint of religious traditions and values, focusing primarily on medicine, law and business.

MGT 228

BUSINESS, ETHICS, AND SOCIETY (CROSS-LISTED WITH REL 228)

This course will examine the nature and purpose of economic life and contemporary commerce as understood from the perspective of religious and secular communities, as well as the ethical implications that flow from the various worldviews. Sections of the course critically examine the thought of different religious traditions on specific business-related issues, placing a variety of religious discourses into direct conversation with secular voices regarding ethical business conduct. Cross-listed as REL 228. PREREQUISITE(S): WRD 103 OR HON 101.
Prerequisites:
WRD 103 or HON 100 or HON 101 is a prerequisite for this class.

PHL 229

BIOMEDICAL ETHICS (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 229)

Moral and ethical issues arising in contemporary biomedical advances and in health care from the perspective of Religious Studies and Philosophy.

REL 251

THE IDEA OF 'EVIL"

This course will try and answer the question what is evil? In religious traditions is evil a relative term? Or is it a universal absolute? Does evil exist independently, or is it a result of the absence of good? How do religious traditions deal with the notion of evil? After we look at the religious, philosophical, historical, conceptualization of evil and how different religious traditions deal with it, the class will look at evil in popular culture (anthropological understanding of evil). How does the popular imagination understand evil? How do they depict and imagine evil (in film, and in literature)? Are these universalities or are they cultural relativism? How has popular culture dealt with evil? Finally the course tries to see if there is any connection with the popular imagination and religious traditions when it comes to evil.

REL 254

THE BODY & HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS:DIVERGENT MEANINGS, CONFLICTING VALUES

Love and sexuality in biblical and nonbiblical religions, examined cross-culturally, conceptually, and ethically.

REL 259

RELIGION AND SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT

An investigation of the ways in which various religious traditions engage the social order. Traditions, persons and movements that form the focus of the course will vary from section to section. The course will integrate theory and practice in studying forms of religious engagement. All students will perform some service to a community or within a community organization or agency.
Prerequisites:
Sophomore standing is a prerequisite for this class.

CTH 247

ROMAN CATHOLIC SOCIAL THOUGHT IN CONTEXT (CROSS-LISTED WITH REL 283)-

A study of Roman Catholicism's understanding of its relation to the social world, including such matters as the relation between Church and state, and the moral authority of the Church, and of its teaching on such issues as social ethics, politics and economics.

REL 286

PILGRIMAGE, RELIGION AND POPULAR CULTURE

How has the role of pilgrimage evolved from antiquity to the present age, and how can the phenomenon of pilgrimage provide a modern window into how a people define what is spiritually significant? Might the phenomenon of pilgrimage, as it is found in nearly every religious tradition, provide a common language and thus a means for building bridges across boundaries of religious difference? This course examines pilgrimage as a religious, cultural, historical and ethical phenomenon. Using methodologies developed in the study of religion, ethics, anthropology and popular culture, this course will introduce students to pilgrimage as it is practiced in expressions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The aim of this course is to explore some of the competing typologies and events associated with the formal study of religious ritual and then apply these learnings to modern cultural phenomena, work that will prepare students for the project of constructing their own pilgrimages.

CTH 241

ROMAN CATHOLIC MORAL TRADITIONS (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 287)

This course examines various moral topics within a Roman Catholic framework. Papal pronouncements, Magisterial statements, Episcopal texts, the works of influential theologians, and critical voices both within and beyond the Church will be critically examined. Special attention will be paid to the method of moral argumentation. Cross-listed as REL 287.

REL 320

TOPICS IN RELIGIOUS ETHICS

Examines methods and content of religious ethics. Specific topics for current offering are noted in the current schedule.

REL 322

FEMINIST ETHICS

An investigation of theoretical issues regarding women's moral experiences and of feminist ethical arguments combatting various forms of oppression. Cross-listed with WGS 310/410 and MLS 477.

REL 343

MORAL PHILOSOPHY AND ETHICS IN CHINA

An exploration of Chinese ethics the philosophical, religious and socio-political traditions which shaped them and were formed by them. Considers the major philosophical schools of China's classical age--Confucianism, Monism, Taoism, and Legalism--with Han dynasty cosmology, the ethical orientations of the Taoist and Buddhist religions, neo-Confucianism, and also the traumatic encounter with western power and thought. Addresses comparative issues concerning traditional Chinese values in relation to western views, particularly in terms of modern relations between China (and East Asia) and the west.

CTH 341

LIBERATION THEOLOGY: THEORY AND PRACTICE (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 351)

Focuses upon the ideas and practices of a radical movement for the transformation of Christianity and for social justice that originated in the "Basic Christian Communities" of Latin America and spread from there to North America and the Third World. Cross-listed as REL 351.

REL 103

RELIGIOUS WORLDS IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

An examination of the nature and function of religion in human life. An exploration of common patterns underlying the variety of religious experience and expression.

REL 212

RELIGION AND POPULAR CULTURE

An exploration of various forms of popular culture and their intersection with diverse religious traditions and ethical concerns. The course also examines the marketing in mass media of religious themes in popular culture.

REL 219

SLAVERY, RACE AND RELIGION

This class examines religious arguments, from the 1500's through the 1700's, for and against slavery. Students will investigate different historical and theoretical definitions of slavery. Students will also gain an introduction to the relationship between slavery, evangelicalism, capitalism, and Enlightenment moral philosophy.

REL 220

PSYCHOLOGY AND RELIGION

Psychological factors operative in acquisition, formation and development of religious expression and commitment.

REL 221

RELIGION IN SOCIETY

Sociological study of religious groups, institutions, behavior, and belief systems in human life and society.

REL 224

RELIGION AND POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES

Variable topics. Explores the interplay of religion, politics and culture in the United States, focusing on citizenship and religious identity in the USA's multicultural, multiethnic, multireligious society. Various sections will focus on different particular religious communities and themes, such as the Religious Right and the Religious Left, the political activities of particular communities, and the challenges of interreligious dialogue.

REL 225

RELIGION AND THE ARTS

Variable topics. How human beings across cultures express their comprehension and experience of ultimate meaning in a variety of artistic forms.

REL 256

WELLNESS AND DISEASE IN RELIGIOUS PERSPECTVE

A study of notions related to human "health," "well-being" and "disease" in various religio-cultural situations. Physical, mental and spiritual health -- individual and communal -- will be considered. The significance of "plague," especially AIDS, as socio-religious and spiritual events will be critically examined.

REL 260

RELIGION AND POLITICAL CONFLICT

An examination of the role of religions and religious movements in political conflicts. Particular sections will examine the relationship of religions to violence and peacemaking in different areas of the world.

REL 262

RELIGION AND GLOBALIZATION

An examination of the moral, religious, and social dimensions of the phenomenon of globalization. Through a critical assessment of both the positive and the negative dimensions of globalization, students will seek to understand more fully the ethical implications of globalization for economics, culture, and society.

REL 264

COLONIZATION, RELIGION AND RESISTANCE

This course will explore the religious traditions and cultural identities of some of the peoples native to the Americas, Africa, Asia and Oceania; problems they have with the "civilized" world and their potential solutions to them.

IWS 266

ISLAM IN THE UNITED STATES (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 266)

An examination of the story of Islam in the United States in three historical periods: antebellum America, the first half of the 20th century, and the latter half of the 20th century. Explores Muslim slave life; the possibilities of retentions of Islam in slave culture; the religious, social/economic, and political life of Muslims at the beginning of the 20th century; the emergence of Islamic thought in the U.S. through an overview of the works of Ismail as-Faruqi, Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Fazlur Rahman. Cross listed as REL 266.

CTH 270

JESUS ACROSS CULTURES (CROSS-LISTED AS REL 273)

A study of the multiple and diverse (primarily theological, but also literary, artistic and philosophical) historical and contemporary images of Jesus, as a way of understanding the diversity of the Christian tradition and its impacts on society, and of understanding the issue of plurality or diversity itself in religious traditions. Cross-listed with REL 273

REL 113

THE LATINO RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE IN THE UNITED STATES

An examination of the diverse nature of Latino religion, from its indigenous roots to its institutional forms, within the social and political context of American culture.

REL 217

ISLAM IN GLOBAL CONTEXTS

A study of Islam's developments in various global contexts, including Arabian beginnings, the Middle East, Central, Eastern and Western Europe, China, the former Soviet States and South Africa, with a focus on the impacts that these cultures and Islam have had on each other.

REL 263

RELIGION AND POLITICS IN THE MIDDLE EAST

An exploration of Judaism, Christianity and Islam as they develop and interact in the Middle East, historically and in terms of contemporary religious and political issues. Includes a study of personal narratives of people from Jewish, Christian and Muslim communities.

REL 266

ISLAM IN THE UNITED STATES

An examination of the story of Islam in the United States in three historical periods: antebellum America, the first half of the 20th century, and the latter half of the 20th century. Explores Muslim slave life; the possibilities of retentions of Islam in slave culture; the religious, social/economic, and political life of Muslims at the beginning of the 20th century; the emergence of Islamic thought in the U.S. through an overview of the works of Ismail as-Faruqi, Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Fazlur Rahman. Cross-listed with IWS 266.

REL 273

JESUS ACROSS CULTURES

A study of the multiple and diverse (primarily theological, but also literary, artistic and philosophical) historical and contemporary images of Jesus, as a way of understanding the diversity of this tradition and of its impacts on society, and of understanding the issue of plurality or diversity itself in religious traditions.

REL 144

THE AFRICAN RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE

A survey of the varieties of African religious practice and thought.

REL 213

CHRISTIAN THOUGHT IN CLASSICAL AND MEDIEVAL TIMES

A study of the development of Christian theologies in Western civilization from post-New Testament times to the Renaissance, with emphasis on St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas.

REL 214

TRANSFORMATION IN CHRISTIANITY: THE REFORMATION TO THE PRESENT

A study of the development of Christianity since 1500 C.E., exploring the Protestant and Catholic Reformations, the growth of Christianity in the United States, and its encounter with a variety of Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment themes and figures, especially concerning science, justice, relativity and religious pluralism.

REL 265

REFORM MOVEMENTS WITHIN ISLAM

This course will deal with the idea of "reform" within Islamic political movements in the modern period. The course will analyze various Islamic reform movements such as the Wahahabis, the Muslim Brotherhood, the Modernists, the Traditionalists, seeking a pattern in these movements. Cross-listed with IWS 265.

REL 284

CATHOLICISM AS A SPIRITUAL PATH (CROSS-LISTED WITH CTH 229)

An experience-centered study of the relationship between contemplation and action, prayer and service, liturgy and social justice, personal religious experience and the wider experience of Catholics. Both historical and contemporary spiritualities will be explored. (Cross-listed as Catholic Studies 229)

REL 295

SECTARIAN MOVEMENTS WITHIN ISLAM

This course will look at the various sects within Islam such as Shi'ism, Kharjism, etc. The course will also look at theological sects such as the Mu'taziliets. The course will be concerned with the history, the beliefs, and the present circumstances (if they still exist today) of these sects. Cross-listed with IWS 295.

REL 232

ANCIENT ISRAEL: HISTORY, LITERATURE, AND RELIGION

The development of Judaism from Moses to the Rabbinic era with special attention to social and historical questions. Cross-listed as CTH 212.

REL 233

THE NEW TESTAMENT

An introduction to the historical-critical investigation of the New Testament. Topics include the earliest Christian writings (letters of Paul), the production of "gospels" about Jesus, and the development of early churches in the context of ancient history and society.

REL 234

VARIETIES OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY

An examination of multicultural diversity in early Christianity through a study of materials excluded from the New Testament canon; Christian apologists defending the church against pagan intellectuals and Roman imperial magistrates; comparisons of early Christian fiction and ancient Greek novels; and an examination of Gnostic writings.

REL 238

THE HISTORICAL JESUS

An investigation of the early Christian Gospels and other sources for reconstructing the life of Jesus of Nazareth. The relation of historical reconstruction and religious interpretation, and the significance of conflicting interpretations of Jesus, will also be considered.

REL 235

PAUL AND HIS INFLUENCE IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY

A critical study of Paul's literary remains as primary sources for reconstructing the development of the Christian movement, focusing on Paul's communities, ethics and theology. Early interpretations and assessments of Paul will also be considered.

REL 271

THE QUR'AN AND ITS INTERPRETERS

A study of the origin, transmission, and interpretation of the Qur'an. Cross-listed with IWS 271.

REL 272

MUSLIM WOMEN IN TEXTS

Explores major current approaches to the study of Muslim women, focusing on the Qur'anic conversation on women, on the commentaries provided by men, and on the emerging voices of Muslim women and non-Muslims. Cross-listed with IWS 272.

REL 183

THEMES IN CATHOLIC SOCIAL THOUGHT

An initial, systematic examination of major themes in modern Catholic social thought. Cross-listed as CTH 183.

REL 228

BUSINESS, ETHICS AND SOCIETY

This course will examine the nature and purpose of economic life and contemporary commerce as understood from the perspective of religious and secular communities, as well as the ethical implications that flow from the various worldviews. Sections of the course critically examine the thought of different religious traditions on specific business-related issues, placing a variety of religious discourses into direct conversation with secular voices regarding ethical business conduct. Cross-listed as MGT 228.
Prerequisites:
WRD 103 or HON 100 or HON 101 is a prerequisite for this class.

REL 229

MEDICINE, ETHICS AND SOCIETY

Moral and ethical issues arising in contemporary biomedical advances and in health care from the perspectives of Religious Studies and of Philosophy.

REL 283

ROMAN CATHOLIC SOCIAL THOUGHT IN CONTEXT

A study of Roman Catholicism's understanding of its relation to the social world, including such matters as the relation between Church and State, the moral authority of the Church, and of its teaching on such issues as social ethics, politics and economics.

REL 287

ROMAN CATHOLIC MORAL TRADITIONS

This course examines various moral topics within a Roman Catholic framework. Papal pronouncements, Magisterial statements, Episcopal texts, the works of influential theologians, and critical voices both within and beyond the Church will be critically examined. Special attention will be paid to the method of moral argumentation.

REL 351

LIBERATION THEOLOGY

Focuses upon the ideas and practices of a radical movement for the transformation of Christianity and for social justice that originated in the "Basic Christian Communities" of Latin America and spread from there to North America and the Third World. Entails either an Applied Research or Service Learning component.

REL 278

WOMEN AND RELIGION

A study of the historical and contemporary roles and contributions of women within major religious traditions, especially Christianity and Judaism.

REL 285

ROMAN CATHOLICISM'S ENCOUNTER WITH OTHER RELIGIONS

A study of how Roman Catholicism understands and responds to other religious traditions, other ways of being religious, and how the encounter with those other traditions affects Roman Catholicism's understanding of itself and its teachings.

REL 291

LOOKING FOR GOD IN LATIN AMERICA

An examination of religious traditions such as Catholicism, indigenous religions, and Protestantism in Latin America, with special focus on how these traditions have been transplanted and reshaped upon entry into varied Latino communities in the United States. Historical analyses of the Latin American roots of these traditions will provide contextualization for the ongoing examination of transnational religious cultures in the U.S.

REL 300

THEORIES OF CULTURE AND RELIGION

An investigation of the cultural study of religion. Considers classical, modern and postmodern approaches from a variety of traditions and academic disciplines. Uses a variety of materials such as oral and written texts and visual artifacts, as well as the works of major theorists.

REL 301

THEORIES OF RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY

An interdisciplinary investigation into the nature of religious experience drawing on the fields of anthropology, psychology, sociology, and theology.

REL 305

TOPICS IN RELIGION AND CULTURE

Examines particular issues in the relationship between religion and culture. Specific topics for current offering are noted in the current class schedule.

REL 324

ISLAMIC LAW (SHARIAH) AND AMERICAN CULTURE

An intensive study of the many dimensions of religious liberties in a pluralist society. Explores the language of constitutional and political discourse generally, and the ways in which language affects an understanding of the First Amendment. Includes case studies on particular religious communities and their encounters with American law.

REL 344

YOGA AND TANTRA

An examination of the history, philosophy and cultural meaning of body-oriented liberative techniques as they developed on the Indian subcontinent and Himalayan region in Hinduism and Buddhism. Students registering for this course are expected to have studied one or both of these traditions in courses such as REL 142, 143, 242, or 243, or in other courses. Background in theory is also useful.

REL 372

SEXUALITY, GENDER AND RELIGION: CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES

A consideration of religion and feminism in differing cultural contexts using a comparative perspective. While the course will consider selected Western viewpoints, its emphasis will be on a sampling of different emerging feminisms of non-Western religious traditions.

REL 382

RELIGION IN THE CONTEMPORARY UNITED STATES

An advanced examination of traditional communities and contemporary movements in the United States.

REL 384

THE CULTURE OF AMERICAN CATHOLICS

How has the unique experience of immigration shaped the American Catholic Church from the colonial period to the 21st century? How did the idea of "the Church" as an authoritative hierarchy come about in the mid-20th century, and how has that notion been challenged by immigrant communities, as well as artists and intellectuals? Drawing on the disciplines of history, sociology, anthopology, cultural theory, literature and the arts, this course looks at those who built the church and those who challenged and changed it. (Course is cross-listed as REL 384, CTH 384 and MLS 464.)

REL 200

DEBATES ABOUT GOD

A study of classical and contemporary arguments regarding the existence and meaning of "God," as developed in a variety of theistic traditions.

REL 218

BLACK INTELLECTUAL TRADITIONS

An introduction to Black intellectual traditions which emerge from and inform Black religious traditions and which have religious and/or liberation content. Thinkers and content vary.

REL 250

MYSTICISM IN RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS

This course will look at the phenomena of mysticism, its doctrines and practices, in various religious traditions. It will also look at how various forms of mysticism have influenced the religious traditions with which they associated, (e.g. how Sufism has impacted Islamic religion, civilization and society.) The course will then look at the present situation of mysticisms in regard to religious traditions and to broader societies.

REL 252

FORGIVENESS AND RECONCILIATION

A study of various understandings of "forgiveness" and "reconciliation" in several religions and cultures. The nature and dynamics of forgiveness and reconciliation will be examined both theoretically and in relationship to specific conflicts. Cross-listed with PAX 252.

REL 257

DEATH AND ITS BEYOND: EXPERIENCE, MYTH AND RITUALS

Religious attitudes and practices responding to the phenomena of death and dying, studied cross-culturally, conceptually and ethically.

REL 280

ROMAN CATHOLIC THEOLOGICAL THINKING

A study of the Roman Catholic tradition of "faith seeking understanding'' examining the content and the process of emergence of Catholic beliefs about such matters as God, sin, Jesus Christ, revelation, the church and eschatology. Cross-listed with CTH 243.

REL 281

ROMAN CATHOLIC LITURGY

A study of the emergence, meaning and dynamics of ritual in the Roman Catholic tradition. Cross-listed with CTH 231.

REL 282

ROMAN CATHOLIC SPIRITUAL LITERATURE

A study of the foundational religious experiences that underlie the Roman Catholic tradition, of the narratives they generate, and of their representations in various media such as poetry, music, myths, sacred legends and apologetic stories.

REL 350

TOPICS IN RELIGIOUS THOUGHT

Examines specific methods, issues, and/or movements in religious thought. Specific topics for current offering are noted in the current class schedule.

REL 370

FEMINIST THEOLOGIES

An exploration of women's experience as a primary resource and norm for theology, focusing on themes of inclusion, exclusion, representation and liberation in particular social, political and historical contexts.

REL 199

RELIGIOUS STUDIES - OFF CAMPUS

Religious Studies credits earned off-campus. Topics vary.

REL 299

RELIGIOUS STUDIES, OFF-CAMPUS

Religious Studies credits earned off-campus. Topics vary.

REL 392

FOREIGN STUDY IN RELIGION

Under this number, students taking courses in religion or theology as part of a DePaul-sponsored program of study abroad may receive Religious Studies credit when approved in advance by the director of the Foreign Studies Program and the chair of the Religious Studies Department.

REL 393

INTERNSHIP IN RELIGIOUS STUDIES

Open only to students working on Religious Studies major or minor concentrations. For more information contact the department chair. PREREQUISITE(S): Junior or senior standing and permission of the department chair.

REL 397

SENIOR THESIS

Religious Studies majors who wish to undertake a special project of independent study are encouraged to apply. Student works towards completion of a special project under the direction of a project coordinator and faculty committee of three. PREREQUISITE(S): Grade point average of 3.0 overall, 3.1 in Religious Studies courses, and permission of the department chair.