Course Requirements

At least one of the four biology electives must have a lab. Biology courses other than the General Biology sequence that have any Scientific Inquiry domain designation do not generate credit toward the major or minor. 

Open Electives

Open elective credit also is required to meet the minimum graduation requirement of 192 hours.

BIO 210

MICROBIOLOGY

Biology of microorganisms with emphasis on viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. Lecture-laboratory. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
BIO 191 is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 220

PRINCIPLES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

This course will address aspects of the research and methodologies used in Modern Biotechnology, and place the field in the context of current societal and ethical concerns. Lecture-laboratory. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
BIO 191 is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 250

CELL BIOLOGY

Fundamentals of cell form and function studied at the molecular and organelle level, including basic cellular biochemistry, ultrastructure and physiology. Lecture-laboratory. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
BIO 193 and (CHE 134 or CHE 138) are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 360

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Study of biology at the molecular level, focusing on the regulation of gene expression and the principles of genetic engineering, Lecture-laboratory. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
BIO 250, BIO 260, and (CHE 234 or CHE 238) are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 209

PLANT BIOLOGY

A study of plant evolution, diversity, reproduction, developmental plant anatomy, regulation of plant growth and development, and plant physiology. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
BIO 193 is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 309

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

A study of the functional and developmental aspects of flowering plants. Lecture-laboratory. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
BIO 250 or instructor consent is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 310

VERTEBRATE PHYSIOLOGY

Functions and regulatory mechanisms of vertebrate cells, organs and organ systems with special emphasis on mammals. Lecture-Laboratory. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
BIO 250 or instructor consent is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 320

MICROBIAL ECOLOGY

This course will explore key roles that microorganisms play in life on earth.This course will also address how these microorganisms are being used in current areas of research in microbiology. This is a lab course, which will enable students to study processes used in the enrichment, isolation, and identification of microorganisms from various environments.
Prerequisites:
BIO 210 and Junior standing are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 321

MOLECULAR METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

This course will provide hands-on experience in methods of detecting and analyzing molecular variation in nature. By the end of the course, students should be competent employing molecular markers to answer a wide variety of basic questions in ecology and evolution.
Prerequisites:
BIO 215 or BIO 235 is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 330

DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY

A survey of developmental phenomena in animals from fertilization to sexual maturity. Students will gain a current understanding of the genetic, cellular, and environmental mechanisms that shape the body and its major organs.
Prerequisites:
BIO 250 and BIO 260 are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 347

TOPICS IN MEDICAL BACTERIOLOGY

This course will address current topics of concern and research in medical bacteriology. Students participating in this course will explore key concepts used in bacterial pathogenesis and learn how to critically appraise recent research papers in the field.
Prerequisites:
BIO 210 and Junior standing are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 348

THE BIOLOGY OF INFECTION

This course will provide students with detailed knowledge of medically important bacteria. The course will first examine common events in infections and the body's responses to infection. We will highlight in these studies the changes in both hosts and pathogens as strategies of infection and immunity evolve relative to one another. Within this framework we will examine a spectrum of infectious diseases in detail.
Prerequisites:
BIO 210 and BIO 370 are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 355

GENETIC TOXICOLOGY

This course will deal with the study of agents that damage the genome or alter the proper functioning of the genome that can lead to disease in humans. Topics covered will include basic spectrum of genetic damage and chromosomal effects, mechanisms of mutations, DNA repair, genetic assays used for evaluation of genetic toxicology, health consequences of genetic damage, including cancer and inheritable mutations, and the current position of US government and global regulatory agencies on the issues of genetic toxicology.
Prerequisites:
BIO 260 is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 361

TOPICS IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Discussion and seminars in selected areas of molecular biology. Cross-listed as CHE 461.
Prerequisites:
BIO 360 is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 365

PRINCIPLES OF TOXICOLOGY

A study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms, including the chemical natures, kinetics, dose-response relationships, metabolism, and mechanisms of action of vanous toxins and toxicants.
Prerequisites:
BIO 193 and (CHE 234 or CHE 238) are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 370

IMMUNOBIOLOGY

Basic factors governing immune phenomena and antigen-antibody reactions. Lecture-laboratory. Lab fee. Cross-listed as BIO 471.
Prerequisites:
BIO 250 and BIO 260 are a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 375

INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACOLOGY

Introduction to Pharmacology will explore the relationships between an organism and its response to an administered drug. This will include: 1) How drugs are administered to the body 2) What is their fate once in the body, i.e. Pharmacokinetics 3) What their mechanisms actions are - i.e. Pharmacodynamics, and 4) Adverse reactions to drugs. We will explore these relationships in different physiological systems of the human body including (but not limited to) the nervous system, circulatory system, digestive system and endocrine system. Lastly, this course will provide an understanding of the pharmaceutical system by providing a framework to explore how drugs are discovered, produced, tested, and regulated.
Prerequisites:
BIO 250 and 310 or instructor consent is a prerequisite for this class.

CHE 340

BIOCHEMISTRY I

First in a three-course sequence, directed at those who wish an in- depth exploration of modern biochemistry. This course covers the structures and functions of the four major macromolecules, concentrating on enzyme kinetics and regulation. CO-REQUISITE(S): CHE341. The general biology sequence is strongly recommended.
Prerequisites:
(CHE232 and 233) or (CHE238 and 239) are prerequisites for this course.

CHE 341

EXPERIMENTAL BIOCHEMISTRY I

Laboratory to be taken in conjunction with CHE340. This course will introduce classic and modern techniques for isolating and characterizing biological molecules. Topics covered will include buffer preparation; amino acid analysis; detection, quantification, and purification of proteins; enzyme kinetics; purification, amplification, and analysis of DNA; protein stabilization; and molecular interaction analysis. CO-REQUISITE(S): CHE 340. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
(CHE232 and 233) or (CHE238 and 239) are prerequisites for this course.

BIO 342

COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE

This course explores the neuroscience of human behaviors such as emotions, attention, executive function, language, learning, memory, and social interaction by exploring both the underlying biological mechanisms and the psychological theories behind these behaviors. Cognitive Neuroscience is an emerging field of study that attempts to help one gain an understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of the human mind.
Prerequisites:
Junior standing is a prerequisite for this class.

BIO 206

BIOSTATISTICS

A survey of a variety of statistical methods used to analyze biological data.
Prerequisites:
BIO 192 or BIO 193 is a prerequisite for this class.

CHE 342

BIOCHEMISTRY II

Second in a three-course sequence, directed at those who wish an in- depth exploration of modern biochemistry. This course covers energy metabolism and biosynthetic pathways, with emphasis on their coordinated regulation. CO-REQUISITE(S): CHE343.
Prerequisites:
CHE 340 and CHE 341are a prerequisite for this class.

CHE 343

EXPERIMENTAL BIOCHEMISTRY II

Laboratory to be taken in conjunction with CHE 342. Applications of basic techniques from CHE 341: DNA cloning and transformation; protein expression, purification, and characterization; and advanced biophysical methods. CO-REQUISITE(S): CHE342. Lab fee.
Prerequisites:
CHE 340 and CHE 341are a prerequisite for this class.