Social and Cultural Foundations Courses: 12 quarter hours required, grade of C or better required
Bilingual Bicultural Courses: 36 quarter hours required, grade of C or better required
100 Field Experience Hours: Non-credit, non-tuition, PA grade required
Master of Arts (M.A.) Degree Requirements: 4 quarter hours, grade of C or better required
The Master’s Thesis is completed in conjunction with faculty advisement. Preparation for the writing of the Thesis should begin well in advance of the completion of coursework. Oral examination on Thesis required. Consult the M.A. Thesis Handbook for additional information.
EDUCATION AND SOCIETY
A study of social forces that impinge upon the educational enterprise and analysis of the relationship to major social problems in urban education with emphasis on their social, economic, political, historical and philosophical dimensions.
INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH: PURPOSES, ISSUES, AND METHODOLOGIES
(formerly CUG 400) This course will examine the basic questions, issues and theoretical frameworks central to the purpose, conceptualization, conduct, writing, reading and the use of educational research as a means for informing educational theory, practice and policy. Students will be exposed to the multiple frameworks which inform education research, the various methodologies employed in collecting and analyzing data and will examine the advantages, limitations and values implicit in conducting and evaluating research.
PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY OF YOUTH AND MIDDLE LEVEL EDUCATION
This course examines foundational and contemporary theories of youth and adolescent development. It considers how these theoretical ideas relate to contemporary questions of youth and middle level education. The course explores the historical invention of adolescence, changing ideas about the meaning of childhood, as well as some of the broader social, economic, political, and cultural implications of these changing ideas. This course seeks to develop in prospective educators a broader capacity to theorize about youth and schooling, and, hence, to act critically and reflectively in multiple contexts in which youth learn.
BILINGUAL-BICULTURAL PROGRAM DESIGN AND CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
(4 credits) Reviews theory and application of curriculum development to bilingual instructional programs, such as design, organizational patterns, materials and media, teacher training, parent and community involvement, and evaluation. Principal bilingual education program models are examined and analyzed. Includes a review of multiethnic literature and literacy that advocates for students' self-concept, acceptance, and sense of identity (includes 15 clinical hour requirement).
LANGUAGE, LITERACY AND CULTURE
(4 credits) Examines the interdisciplinary study of language and literacy in their cultural, social, and political contexts, with emphasis on linguistically diverse communities and the implications for human developmental processes. Explores the social and political conditions that endorse different language and literacy practices and doctrines and create anti-bilingual education ideologies in the U.S. Topics include language and literacy and ethinicity, identity, social class, and gender, among other related topics.
SOCIOCULTURAL AND HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES IN BILINGUAL EDUCATION
(4 credits) Presents theoretical constructs of bilingual schooling in the U.S. and other multilingual societies from historical, theoretical and sociocultural perspectives. Emphasizes issues in bilingual education related to the sociocultural and legal aspects of language policy and bilingual education in the U.S. The historical trajectory of language policy and bilingual education in the U.S. is discussed in reference to Native American languages and early European settlers' language schooling practices. The focus shifts to 20th and 21st century bilingual education and immigration policies that have influenced both the advocacy for and opposition to bilingual education as well as the movement to make English the official language in the U.S.
EQUITY ISSUES IN ASSESSMENT
(4 credits) Examines assessment procedures, including standardized and performance-based, as well as ethical standards and practices used in the assessment of culturally and linguistically diverse students. Equity and legal issues related to assessment practices, research, first and second language acquisition, bilingualism, cultural and sociopolitical issues related to assessment are discussed. Emphasizes existing biases in assessment and non-discriminatory assessment practices and policies. National, state, and local assessment policies are examined (includes 15 clinical hour requirement).
BILITERACY PRACTICES IN BILINGUAL EDUCATION AND ESL
(4 credits) Analyzes and evaluates methods and materials used in bilingual education and ESL programs. Stresses effective instructional strategies and best practices in first and second language literacy development and content learning. Reviews language teaching approaches and cooperative models of learning relating to development of reading and writing in the first and second language. Presents the acquiring language through content learning versus learning language programs. Investigates appropriate first language usage in bilingual classrooms, focusing on the different content areas, appropriate terminology for native language instruction, and the study of language distribution issues (includes 15 clinical hour requirement).
FIRST AND SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
(4 credits) Addresses the relationship between language development and use and social, emotional, cognitive, and physical development of children. Introduces the study of bilingualism by examining theoretical constructs and research in psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, and applied linguistics. Includes an analysis of language contact phenomena, cross-linguistic transfer, language alteration, language shift and loss, and bilingualism (includes 15 clinical hour requirement).
RESEARCH METHODS IN BILINGUAL & BICULTURAL STUDIES
(4 credits) Introduces students to, and engages them in reading, research design within the context of bilingual-bicultural education and second language learning and instruction. Students will consider important linguistic and sociocultural issues in language education as examined with various research methods, including quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. Students will conduct and present a mini-action research project about their own learning and development, and will write a cogent review of literature about a personally meaningful topic, problem, or issue related to language and culture education. For many students, this paper forms the beginning stages of their BBE Masters thesis or M.Ed. paper. (includes 15 clinical hour requirement) PREREQUISITE(S): SCG 410 or SCG 610.
SCG 410 or SCG 610 is a prerequisite for this class.
METHODS OF TEACHING ESL
(4 credits) Course examines the relationship of reading and writing development to second language acquisition in ESL contexts. Discusses various learning and teaching approaches that effectively extend English language learners' literacy and language skills. Explores the literacy progress of native and non-native speakers of English by examining the theoretical perspectives of language and literacy development (includes 15 clinical hour requirement).
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF TEACHING ESL
(4 credits) Presents an introduction to the field of English as a second language, with attention to basic concepts of second language acquisition in various language learning contexts. Discusses interdisciplinary perspectives of second language acquisition and their application to classroom practices. The different factors influencing the acquisition of English as a second language are examined as well as current research in applied linguistics and different approaches to language teaching.
100 FIELD EXPERIENCE HOURS IN ESL / BE DOCUMENTED
(non-credit) Required of all Bilingual Bicultural students. Observations and participatory experience with children and youth in a school or agency. The observation hours are a prerequisite for student teaching and related professional courses.
SPECIAL TOPICS IN LANGUAGE EDUCATION
This course is designed to explore a specific area of study in the field of linguistics, such as sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, applied linguistics, language planning and policy, and cognitive bilingualism, among other related topics. The particular focus of study will vary and change as the course is offered.
CAPSTONE IN BILINGUAL-BICULTURAL EDUCATION
Culminating experience(s) that help(s) students acquire the qualities of professionalism and leadership needed to play a significant role in one's professional education community. Students are expected to situate and understand educational issues in a larger context; keep current in and be able to organize and present a body of research on an education-related question; connect research with practical, professional activity; demonstrate mastery of a sub-field of a discipline; write in a format that meets accepted scholarly criteria and participate in an ongoing professional conversation. A final product such as master's paper(s), comprehensive exam, or collection of professional work products is required.
THESIS RESEARCH IN BILINGUAL-BICULTURAL EDUCATION
(4 credits) A student writing a thesis registers for this course for four quarter hours of credit. When the thesis research and writing of the thesis are prolonged beyond the usual time, the program advisor may require the student to register for additional credit.